Privacy Issues Surrounding Biometric Technology

The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center have provoked in-depth discussion and study of existing security measures, their deficiencies, and how to enhance security to prevent similar terrorist attacks from occurring in the future. Biometric technology has risen to the top of the list as a possible solution. The government is not the only entity exploring biometric security systems. The financial services industry see biometrics as a way to curb identity theft. Biometrics are intrinsic physical characteristics used to identify individuals. The most commonly used biometric is fingerprints but others include, handprints, facial features, iris & retinal scans, and voice recognition.

Soon after 9/11 there were calls for the issuance of national ID cards containing biometric information on an RFID chip implanted on the card. The argument is that national ID cards will increase security by identifying individuals with their unique fingerprints which are much more difficult to counterfeit than standard photo ID cards. There is also a movement toward biometric passports. It looks like biometric passports are coming soon. National ID cards may follow.

Biometric identification is nothing new. Humans have been identifying other humans biometrically since the beginning of time. You recognize people you know by their facial features, their voice, and other biometric features. What’s new is introducing technology into the mix that compares a given biometric with a stored database of biometrics to verify the identity of an individual. An individual place their finger on a fingerprint scanner and the image is compared with the database to verify the person’s identity. Promising as it is, biometric technology has not been without hiccups but biometrics are advancing quickly and becoming more and more prevalent in security systems.

Fingerprints are the most commonly used biometric identifiers. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) conducted a study that showed single fingerprint biometric systems had a 98.6 percent accuracy rate. The accuracy rate rose to 99.6 percent when 2 fingerprints were used and an almost perfect 99.9 percent when 4 or more fingerprints were used. The study results show that biometric identification is nearly perfect which is not surprising given the uniqueness of human fingerprints.

The US-VISIT program, which is an acronym for United States Visitor & Immigrant Status Indicator Technology, currently requires foreign visitors to the US to present a biometric passport containing 2 fingerprints and a digital photo for identification purposes before being granted admission to the U.S. Of course the biometrics are compared against a vast network of government databases full of known and suspected terrorists and other criminals.

On the surface biometric technology may sound like a panacea but it’s use has raised significant privacy concerns that need to be addressed. Here are six major privacy concerns: storage, vulnerability, confidence, authenticity, linking, and ubiquity.

Critics wonder how the data will be stored and how vulnerable it will be to theft or abuse. Confidence issues center around the implications of false positives and false negatives. Can the biometric data be used to link to other information about the individual such as marital status, religion, employment status, etc.? And finally ubiquity. What are the implications of leaving electronic “bread crumbs” to mark a trail detailing every movement an individual makes?

Until these issues are addressed, privacy advocates will lead a charge to resist biometric technology claiming it as a way for the government to assume a “Big Brother” type of rule as described in George Orwell’s novel 1984. But protest as they may, it’s likely national security concerns and the ability of biometric systems to enhance the security of US border and possibly prevent another major terrorist attack will win out over privacy concerns.

Home Business – How to Master Life and Work All at Once

They say that money is useless if you have lost every source of happiness in this world for the love of it. You can never buy happiness or fulfillment. But there are actually ways that you can learn how to achieve happiness and success in work and in life, all at the same time!

Here are ways on how to master both life and work without sacrificing one for the other …

First, it should be clear to you that your decisions could actually count against your personal life if you have done so poor in making choices.

For the past years in your career, have you experienced any of these downsides? If your answer is yes, you may actually be experiencing more serious problems that will indeed surface in the later years in your career, which can turn out to be disastrous for most people. Therefore, getting to the core of the problem as early as now will give you more time to think and act.

Similarly, what can be best expected from success stories that we hear online is the fact that they are intended to inspire people and persuade them to act, not tomorrow, but today.

If you happen to be fond of collecting these success stories, you will notice that every story features a unique obstacle, which they have been confronted with in the midst of their successful business lives.

The complications, however, is not the highlight of the story, but it is the point where the person decides to rise and do something with his business ordeal.

It will probably never be easy to sort things out in just one seating, but the inspiration that many people have started to manage both work and personal life positively could really get us somewhere near to making success stories of our own lives.

Nokia N70 Mobile Phone

The entry of Nokia N series in the world of mobile phone handset has taken the mobile phone users by pleasant surprise. Almost all the sets of the series are completely compatible to serve the purpose of a busy bureaucrat, ambitious businessman and any other fun-loving mobile user. Let us see the features and functionalities of the most favorite member of the series — Nokia N70.

Nokia N70 is the most popular for its high resolution video camera. Simply unfold and twist the main display and the hand set is ready to shoot superb quality video using the high-resolution color landscape view as a viewfinder. For convenient one-hand operation there are zoom keys including up to 8x digital zoom for video.

You can easily connect it to the Internet thereby to communicate with others, create and share experiences, participate in Internet communities, and access digital content using available mobile broadband connections. How interesting is it to communicate with the rest of the world or enjoy your favorite channel using a small tool which remains well-fit within the fist of your hand!

May be for serious work or simply having sheer fun Nokia N70 can provide unparallel multimedia experience. With its powerful functionality and winsome design it can arrest the attention of any fashionable person. With all these wonders packed in a small and cute device will Nokia N70 be an ideal for any group of mobile phone users, irrespective of their age and status.

How Loud Does a Working Environment Have to Be to Require Ear Defenders?

Those who work in a noisy environment can often find that they are subject to more that the simple rigours of working life. People who find themselves subjected to loud working conditions can often fall victim to hearing conditions, in both the short and the long term. To combat this, many regulations exist designed to encourage the use of hearing protection in such conditions. But attempting to figure out the volume limits is tough, and it can be hard to tell when a workplace moves beyond simply loud into the realm of too loud.

Whilst we often subject ourselves to loud noises for pleasure, during sporting events and rock concerts, finding yourself in a loud working environment can be a little different. As you will likely be spending a large portion of your working life in the same conditions, the measures taken to prevent hearing damage should be strenuous. The most common solution for those who find themselves subject to such conditions is to wear ear defenders. Worn over the outer ear, these devices are available in a number of colours and designs. Should they be required in the work place, your employer should be able to equip you with the right protection.

While many companies are aware of the high volume of the environment and will require you to wear protection, it might simply be a recommended practice in others. To determine whether the protection is necessary, ask yourself several questions:

Does the noise seem intrusive?

Do you need to raise your voice to talk to another person?

Are you part of an industry which is known for loud working conditions, such as construction or manufacturing?

If the answer to the above questions is yes, then it is likely that further steps may need to be taken. From a quantifiable standpoint, the volume levels are often measured and provisions are taken according to decibel measurements. At 80dB, employers are required to provide training and instruction on how to reduce risk, and need to make protective measures available. Those workplaces which are frequently subject to 85dB are expected to take measures to reduce exposure to loud noises and if the measures are unable to have an effect, then hearing protection is required. Any environment above 87dB is considered something to which an employee should not be exposed, taking into account protective measures.

If you find yourself at risk of hearing damage or are beginning to experience difficulty, it is recommended that you talk to your employer in order to reduce the exposure to loud working conditions.